October 13, 2018: Monumental Vision

“An elective despotism was not the government we fought for . . .

“The accumulation of all powers, legislative, executive, and judiciary, in the same hands, whether of one, a few, or many, and whether hereditary, self-appointed, or elective, may justly be pronounced the very definition of tyranny.”

—James Madison: Federalist 84, and 47


Sitting at the desk in his home library facing this western view to the Blueridge Mountains, with Classic history and Enlightenment philosophy over his shoulder, James Madison imagined the architecture of an enduring constitutional republic.

 © Philip Knight 2018